Babies – 0-9 months


The First 3 Months

While life with a new baby may seem like a constant roundabout of eating, sleeping and nappy changing, there is a huge amount of play going on.  Tickling toes, eye contact, sing-song voices and splashy bath time are just some of the ways you are helping your baby to develop through play.

Baby playmat
Toys And Play

Babies First 3 MonthsSmall babies have limited muscle control which makes active (and accurate!) play tricky, but there are lots of ways to interact with them. Pulling funny faces is guaranteed to raise a smile – eventually – and ‘peek-a-boo’ is a perennial favourite.  Simple shapes, primary colours and toys which make a sound create a stimulating environment that can help them develop both attention span and curiosity. Don’t forget that most babies explore orally and won’t differentiate between an appropriate toy and your earring so keep small objects that can be swallowed away from babies…


What types of play?
  • Rattles*
  • Mobiles*
  • Mirrors*
  • Soft toys
  • Playing peek-a-boo
  • Change your expressions – smile, frown, laugh, surprise
  • Make different sounds and try to move around so baby’s vision follows you (don’t be too loud as this can startle your child or in extreme cases cause damage to sensitive ears)
  • Wear contrasting coloured clothes so that your movement keeps them entertained
  • Board Games
  • Make sock puppets to tell stories –  visually appealing and will help encourage language

* using sound and colours to help to develop focusing skills.


3-6 months

Between three and six months your baby will begin to gain control of head and arm movements which will enable them to control actions such as grasping, rolling, supporting their upper body, reaching and swiping at moving objects. At this age they will begin to locate sounds and start to co-ordinate hand and eye movements, recognising people and objects at a distance. Importantly your baby will become more social, displaying a smile and using more expressions to communicate with you. Being more social will lead to an enjoyment of playing with others and they will become more able to kick and grab for things. Most babies will want to explore and play with objects and most certainly will try to put almost anything in their mouth! This is fine as long as you have ensured that the toy is appropriate for this age group (there are no small parts that could be swallowed).

Toys And Play

Babies 3 - 6 MonthsAs your baby becomes more aware of their environment they will enjoy playing with things they can touch and interact with. Baby gyms, which have objects dangling down, are perfect for their flailing limbs, as the various noises, and textures of the objects they collide with will be entertaining. These types of toys will encourage the movement of arms and legs and strengthen backs and necks in preparation for your baby starting to crawl. Music is also very important at this stage of a baby’s life as it can lay the foundations of language development. Anything with a rhythm will be welcomed, with upbeat music used to stimulate the baby, and softer music used to calm and soothe the child.


What types of play?
  • Rattles*
  • Anything noisy*
  • Toys with lights and music*
  • Toys that fix to prams
  • Activity centres
  • Sing nursery rhymes – helps language development
  • Reading stories – the sound of your voice will be soothing
  • Hand clapping – anything with a beat
  • Play beak-a-boo – because it is fun!

* All of these help hold the child’s attention and develop co – ordination


6-9 Months

Up to nine months of age your baby will continue to explore objects with their hands and mouth. They will develop more understanding of distance as their vision improves. They will start to sit unsupported and stretch for things that are out of their reach and eventually support their own weight. Your baby will develop more social understanding; responding to their own name, recognising the word “no”, and grasping emotions by the tone of voice. They will start to respond with sounds and the variety of sounds will increase to express their own emotions as they begin to communicate with you.

Toys And Play

Babies 6 - 9 MonthsHelping babies to develop muscles to aid sitting up and crawling is important at this time. This can be within a play gym that allows a baby to sit up, or indoor strollers or bouncers that help build up their leg muscles! They will also be teething, so textured toys, that are designed to go in the mouth, can be both soothing and enjoyable for your baby. Children are too young to play together at this age but you cannot start socialising them too early as social development is a key indicator of future success. Try to get together with other carers and help the children to interact with each other. Encourage turn taking, sharing and cooperation with playmates using musical instruments, balls, dolls and teddies. Reading and talking aloud to your child will help them to start building the foundations of speech and language.


What types of play?
  • Bouncing up and down over your foot – a gentle “horse ride” to build leg strength
  • Bouncers and strollers
  • Puppets – interaction with adults which helps language development and socialisation
  • Musical instruments – promotes socialisation and working together
  • Activity centres – keeps their attention whilst learning cause & effect
  • Bath toys – helps make bath time more enjoyable
  • Shape sorters – they can learn about shapes and connections
  • Sing nursery rhymes*
  • Reading stories*
  • Play dates and baby classes – fun for parents and the kids

* encourages language development

Remember: All children develop at different rates so the ages and stages of development given here act as a general guide. You shouldn’t worry unduly if your child develops later at a particular skill; they often develop faster at something else. If you do have worries you should seek expert medical advice.

0 - 3 Baby When buying any toys for the under 3s always ensure you have checked the safety advice on the packaging. At this age children put things in their mouths and toys that have small parts are dangerous as they can cause choking. Avoid toys with a warning “not suitable for 0-36 months” and if you have older children in the house keep the toys separated to avoid your baby swallowing small parts from older toys.



  • BTHA Logo